The royal town of Caernarfon is rich in history and home to one of Wales most majestic castles. Its position on the Menai Strait at the mouth of the River Seiont made it an important port during the slate trade, and today has a vibrant marina and harbour, commanding spectacular views toward the Isle of Anglesey or Ynys Mon as it’s known. It is one of North Wales most beautiful towns with stunning architecture to explore within the castle walls, which are nowadays filled with interesting artisan and boutique shops, galleries and cafes.
Caernarfon has resisted and suffered defeat in equal measure throughout its history. The Ordovices a Celtic tribe, were conquered by the Romans and controlled from Segontium the Roman fort just outside the town. The town returned to the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the end of Roman rule and Wales maintained its independence despite William the Conqueror's efforts to take over. However, Llywelyn ap Gruffyudd’s refusal to pay homage to Edward I saw the end of this independence and the impetus for Edward I to build one of the most imposing castles in Wales. Today, although the imposing monuments of conquering powers remain, they provide the beating heart of its tourism trade. Yet Caernarfon remains passionately true to its Celtic ancestry with the largest population of welsh speakers in Wales.